بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ إِنَّا أَحْلَلْنَا لَكَ أَزْوَاجَكَ اللَّاتِي آتَيْتَ أُجُورَهُنَّ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ يَمِينُكَ مِمَّا أَفَاء اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ وَبَنَاتِ عَمِّكَ وَبَنَاتِ عَمَّاتِكَ وَبَنَاتِ خَالِكَ وَبَنَاتِ خَالَاتِكَ اللَّاتِي هَاجَرْنَ مَعَكَ وَامْرَأَةً مُّؤْمِنَةً إِن وَهَبَتْ نَفْسَهَا لِلنَّبِيِّ إِنْ أَرَادَ النَّبِيُّ أَن يَسْتَنكِحَهَا خَالِصَةً لَّكَ مِن دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ قَدْ عَلِمْنَا مَا فَرَضْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ فِي أَزْوَاجِهِمْ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُمْ لِكَيْلَا يَكُونَ عَلَيْكَ حَرَجٌ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا
“O Prophet, indeed We have made lawful to you your wives to whom you have given their due compensation and those your right hand possesses from what Allah has returned to you [of captives] and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who emigrated with you and a believing woman if she gives herself to the Prophet [and] if the Prophet wishes to marry her, [this is] only for you, excluding the [other] believers. We certainly know what We have made obligatory upon them concerning their wives and those their right hands possess, [but this is for you] in order that there will be upon you no discomfort. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.”
[Al-Qur’an-Surah Al-Ahzab (The Combined Forces):50]
Today many people including Muslims have doubts about Islam due to lack of knowledge of its true teaching. They are unable to defend their faith because of this and fall deeper and deeper into doubt until they finally give up their faith entirely. This ayah (verse) is an example of one that may create doubt in minds of many people about Islam or Rasul Allah (صلي اللهُ عليهِ وسلم).
There is an easy remedy to doubt and that is to gain knowledge!
Allah (سبحانه وتعالى ) explains with an example using the analogy of how knowledge washes away the scum of doubt and only the truth remains.
أَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاء مَاء فَسَالَتْ أَوْدِيَةٌ بِقَدَرِهَا فَاحْتَمَلَ السَّيْلُ زَبَدًا رَّابِيًا وَمِمَّا يُوقِدُونَ عَلَيْهِ فِي النَّارِ ابْتِغَاء حِلْيَةٍ أَوْ مَتَاعٍ زَبَدٌ مِّثْلُهُ كَذَلِكَ يَضْرِبُ اللّهُ الْحَقَّ وَالْبَاطِلَ فَأَمَّا الزَّبَدُ فَيَذْهَبُ جُفَاء وَأَمَّا مَا يَنفَعُ النَّاسَ فَيَمْكُثُ فِي الأَرْضِ كَذَلِكَ يَضْرِبُ اللّهُ الأَمْثَالَ
“He sends down from the sky, rain, and valleys flow according to their capacity, and the torrent carries a rising foam. And from that [ore] which they heat in the fire, desiring adornments and utensils, is a foam like it. Thus Allah presents [the example of] truth and falsehood. As for the foam, it vanishes, [being] cast off; but as for that which benefits the people, it remains on the earth. Thus does Allah present examples.”
[Al-Qur’an – Ar-Ra’d (The Thunder):17]
We have to remember that all the commandments given in the Qur’an are directly from Allah (سبحانه وتعالى ). Rasul Allah (صلي اللهُ عليهِ وسلم) did not propagate teachings contradictory to Divine Revelation.
It is also extremely important to analyze our own reaction to these ayat (verses), especially those that are used against Islam. Pondering deeply about them will help bring out the rationality behind them. If we do not do this, we may still harbor some doubt about them later in life. If we do not understand, we should question and discuss with those who have knowledge.
For example, the above ayah 50 of Surah Al-Ahzab was revealed in a specific context. A specific situation was presented and Rasul Allah (صلي اللهُ عليهِ وسلم) is addressed with this. It has to be taken in context and not quoted out of it.
If in a case scenario, we are unable to understand why a particular hukum (command) has been stated in the Qur’an even after it has been explained to us by those who have knowledge, then as strong Believers, we have to know Allah (سبحانه وتعالى )’s wisdom is far above ours. His knowledge is vast and ours is limited. Maybe, we are unable to grasp the meaning entirely at this point in time . We should leave the topic aside instead of trying to find a reason for all the commandments given. Insha’Allah, Allah will help remove all doubts from our minds eventually.
We need to accept these commandments whole heartedly, because even if we appear to have accepted them in front of people, Allah (سبحانه وتعالى ) knows what is in our hearts. He will bring it out one day, whether in dunya or on the Day of Judgment.