بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Reflecting on the Signs in the Universe:
THE HUMAN EYE
أَلَمْ نَجْعَل لَّهُ عَيْنَيْنِ
“Have We not made for him two eyes?”
[Al-Qur’an: Surah Al-Balad: 8]
- Eyes begin to develop 2 weeks after conception.
- Eyes are always the same size from birth to adulthood, but nose and ears never stop growing.
- The adult eyeball measures about 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter.
- The older we are the fewer tears we produce.
- Babies don’t produce tears in their eyes until they are one to three months old.
- All babies are colour-blind when they are born.
- Eyes are the most complex organs you possess except for your brain.
- Eyes are composed of more than 2 million working parts.
- The average person blinks 12 times per minute – about 10,000 blinks in an average day.
- Eyes can process 36,000 bits of information every hour.
- Only 1/6th of your eyeball is exposed to the outside world.
- The external muscles that move the eyes are the strongest muscles in the human body for the job that they have to do. They are 100 times more powerful than they need to be.
- Colour-blind people do see color but confuse certain colors in certain conditions. Red and Green are the most commonly confused colours among colour blind people.
- Colour-blindness is 10 times more common in males than females.
- Eyes are the only part of the human body that can function at 100% ability at any moment, day or night, without rest.
- The eyelids and the external muscles of your eyes need rest, the lubrication of your eyes requires replenishment, but your eyes themselves never need rest.
- The human eyeball weighs approximately 28 grams.
- The human eye can distinguish 500 shades of the gray.
- People generally read 25% slower from a computer screen than from paper.
- The reason why nose gets runny when one cries is because the tears from the eyes drain into the nose.
- It is impossible to sneeze with the eyes open.
- Eyes will focus on about 50 things per second.
- The retina in the eye contains 120 million rods for “night vision”, and 8 million cones that are colour sensitive and work best under daylight conditions.
- Eyes contribute towards 85% of your total knowledge.
- About half of our brain is involved in the seeing process. Humans are very much visual animals.
Alhamdulillah Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) has blessed us with two of the greatest blessings: our eyes! Imagine how life would be if we couldn’t see. Imagine how is life for those who do not have the blessing of vision. Just try walking in your room with your eyes closed for a minute or try using the bathroom in the dark. We realize how much complicated life would be if we couldn’t see.
We also realize the importance of eyes and the great reward on being patient when one loses their eyesight from the following hadith:
Rasul Allah ( صلى الله علىه وسلم ) said, “Allah The Most High has said, ‘If I take away the eyesight of a slave of Mine and he shows patience and seeks My reward, then I shall reward him with nothing less than Paradise.”’ [Sahih Al-Bukhari]
Allah ( سبحانه وتعالى) says in the Qur’an:
ثُمَّ سَوَّاهُ وَنَفَخَ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِهِ وَجَعَلَ لَكُمُ السَّمْعَ وَالْأَبْصَارَ وَالْأَفْئِدَةَ قَلِيلًا مَّا تَشْكُرُونَ
“Then He proportioned him and breathed into him from His [created] soul and made for you hearing and vision and hearts; little are you grateful.”
[Al- Qur’an: As-Sajdah (The Prostration): 9]
Gratitude of the Eyes
A way in which we can show gratitude for our eyes is to use them in a way pleasing to Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) and to safeguard our eyes from all that causes Allah’s displeasure. Ways in which we can please Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) with our eyes are by reflecting on Allah’s creation, reading the Qur’an etc.
Abu Haroon said, “I entered upon Abu Haazim, and said to him: May Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) have mercy on you, what is the gratitude of the eyes? He said: If you see something good with them, you mention it, and if you see something bad with them, you conceal it. I said: What is the gratitude of the ears? He said: If you hear something good with them, you remember it, and if you hear something bad with them, you forget it.”
Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali [May Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) have mercy on him] said, “Gratitude is of two degrees, one of which is obligatory, which is doing obligatory actions and avoiding haraam things. This is essential and is sufficient as gratitude for these blessings.”
Hence one of the salaf said, “Gratitude means giving up sin.”
And one of them said, “Gratitude means not using any blessing to help one to disobey Him.”
Lowering The Gaze
A very specific hukum (command) in the Qur’an is that of lowering the gaze. This has been said to both men and women separately to emphasize it’s importance to both parties.
قُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَغُضُّوا مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِمْ وَيَحْفَظُوا فُرُوجَهُمْ ذَلِكَ أَزْكَى لَهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا يَصْنَعُونَ30
وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَائِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَاء بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَائِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَاء بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَائِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُوْلِي الْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَى عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاء وَلَا يَضْرِبْنَ بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ 31
“Tell the believing men to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts. That is purer for them. Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what they do.”“30
“And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their head-covers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.” 31
[Al-Qur’an – Surah An-Nur(The Light): 30-31]
Whatever Qur’an advocates as a command has always been proven and will always be proven in the future by scientific facts based on studies and experiments done. It is amazing how true the findings are, Subhan Allah!
In two studies, subjects induced to exchange mutual unbroken gaze for 2 min with a stranger of the opposite sex reported increased feelings of passionate love for each other. In Study I, 96 subjects were run in the four combinations of gazing at the other’s hands or eyes, or in a fifth condition in which the subject was asked to count the other’s eye blinks. Subjects who were gazing at their partner’s eyes, and whose partner was gazing back reported significantly higher feelings of affection than subjects in any other condition. They also reported greater liking than all subjects except those in the eye blink counting condition. In Study II, with 72 subjects, those who engaged in mutual gaze increased significantly their feelings of passionate love, dispositional love, and liking for their partner. This effect occurred only for subjects who were identified on a separate task as more likely to rely on cues from their own behavior in defining their attributes. (Source: “Looking and loving: The effects of mutual gaze on feelings of romantic love” from Journal of research in personality, Vol. 23, No. 2. (June 1989), pp. 145-161.)
Du’a For Protection of the Eyes
We learn the following dua from Rasul Allah ( صلى الله علىه وسلم ) for the preservation of our eyesight:
اللَّهُمَّ عَافِنِي فِي بَدَنِي، اللَّهُمَّ عَافِنِي فِي سَمْعِي، اللَّهُمَّ عَافِنِي فِي بَصَرِي، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْت
Allaahumma ‘aafinee fee badanee, Allaahumma ‘aafinee fee sam’ee, Allaahumma ‘aafinee fee basaree, laa ilaaha illaa Anta
“O Allah, make me healthy in my body. O Allah, preserve for me my hearing. O Allah, preserve for me my sight. There is none worthy of worship but You.”
May Allah ( سبحانه وتعالى) preserve our eyesight and give us the taufeeq (ability) to use them in a way pleasing to Him. Ameen.